The sciatic nerve connects the legs to the rest of the nervous system and runs from the lower back to the lower limbs. The sciatic nerve can become irritated or compressed due to a number of health conditions that affect the lower back or the hips. This painful condition is known as sciatica.
What Are The Signs Of Sciatica?
In most cases, patient experience a radiating pain in their hip or lower back. Some patients only experience a mild sensation but sciatica can cause a burning sensation as well. The pain usually gets worse when the patient is sitting for a long period of time, coughs or sneezes. Other common symptoms include a loss of sensation in the leg, muscle weakness and a tingling sensation in a leg.
What Causes Sciatica?
There are different medical problems that can result in a pinched or irritated sciatic nerve. A herniated disc in the spine can be responsible but sciatica is sometimes the result of an accident or injury. In some cases, a tumor can put pressure on the sciatic nerve or complications from diabetes can result in a damaged nerve. An overgrowth of bone on a vertebra can also cause this painful condition.
What Are Your Treatment Options?
The best way to treat sciatica depends on what caused the sciatic nerve to become irritated or pinched. Your doctor will probably prescribe medications to help reduce the pain. Anti-inflammatories and muscle relaxants are often prescribed to reduce pain and discomfort. If you haven’t seen a doctor yet, you can alleviate the pain at home by using hot and cold packs. Stretching gently and minding your posture should also help. The site Natural Health Coach also has other effective treatments you can read about.
Is Physical Therapy An Efficient Treatment?
Physical therapy can help if your pinched sciatic nerve is the result of an injury. There are exercises you can do to improve your posture and to lose weight. This will lower your risks of sustaining another injury in the future and should make the pain disappear if your pinched nerve is the result of bad posture or is caused by a similar issue.
Is Surgery Necessary?
Surgery is usually the best treatment option if your sciatica is severe enough to cause a loss of bladder or bowel control or causes excruciating pain. Surgery can be used to remove and replace the herniated disk that is putting pressure on the sciatic nerve. If there is an overgrowth of a vertebra bone, surgery can be used to remove a portion of the bone. Surgery is usually considered if other treatment options like medication and physical therapy don’t lead to an improvement of your symptoms.
A pinched or irritated sciatic nerve can be a very painful condition. There are different treatment options including physical therapy and surgery. The most relevant treatment options depends on how severe your sciatic is and also depends on what caused it. It is best to see your doctor as soon as possible to get a proper diagnosis and to figure out what caused your sciatica if you are experiencing these symptoms.